1. Introduction
  2. Ethical standards
  3. Types of papers
  4. General information
  5. Tables
  6. Figures
  7. Conflict of interest
  8. References
  9. Copyright
  10. How to submit
  11. Peer review
  12. Proofs
  13. Production process
  14. General guidelines on house style
  15. Table of commonly used abbreviations

The Netherlands Journal of Critical Care (Neth J Crit Care) is the official journal of the Netherlands Society of Intensive Care (Nederlandse Vereniging voor Intensive Care-NVIC). The journal has a circulation of about 1750 copies bimonthly in the Netherlands and Belgium.
High-quality reports of research related to any aspect of intensive care medicine, whether laboratory, clinical, or epidemiological, will be considered for publication in the Neth J Crit Care. This includes original articles, reviews, and meta-analyses. Case reports, clinical images, book reviews, editorials, letters to the editor, and correspondence are also welcomed. All manuscripts pass through an independent review process managed by the editorial board. The journal does not have any publication fees, and colour figures are reproduced free of charge.

The journal is indexed by Embase, Emcare and Scopus. A Medline annotation is in preparation.

Ethical standards
Manuscripts reporting original research must contain a statement that all human and animal studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. Where appropriate, it should also be stated in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under study should be omitted.
The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfil the above-mentioned requirements. The editors adhere to the guidelines laid down by the International Committee of Medical Journalist Editors (, concerning authorship and scientific conduct

Types of papers
The following manuscript types are considered for publication: original articles, review articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, editorials, case reports, clinical images, book reviews, letters to the editor and correspondence.

Original articles
Original articles should not exceed 3000 words (excluding abstracts, references, tables and legends). The manuscript should be clear in outline (with subheadings) for maximum clarity. The text should follow the IMRAD format and contain an abstract, introduction, materials (patients) and methods, results, discussion section and references. This should be followed by tables and figures (maximum of 6 in total) with titles above and legends below these elements. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be structured: background, methods, results, conclusions. Do not include references in the abstract. Authors should provide a minimum of 3 keywords, a running title, and list of not more than 30 references.
Original articles must meet the following criteria:

  • the manuscript presents the results of primary scientific research;
  • the results have not been published in full elsewhere;
  • analyses are described in full in the manuscript;
  • conclusions are presented in a clear and concise manner and are supported by the data;
  • the research meets all applicable ethical standards;
  • the article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community standards for full data disclosure;
  • when reporting the results of a randomised controlled trial, author(s) should use the CONSORT statement as a guide to preparing the manuscript (;
  • all conflicts of interest should be clearly stated in the manuscript.

The authors are encouraged to refer to (inter)national registries of trials in their papers (such as, where applicable.

Review articles
Review articles, systematic reviews and meta-analyses should not exceed 3000 words (excluding abstracts, references, tables and legends). The manuscript should be clear in outline (with subheadings) for maximum clarity. A maximum of 6 tables and figures (in total) are allowed. Please provide titles above and legends below these elements. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be structured: background, methods, results, conclusions, with the exception of a non-systematic review, which may contain a non-structured abstract. No references should be included in the abstract. Authors should provide a minimum of 3 keywords, a running title, and a list of not more than 70 references. The authors are encouraged to refer to (inter)national registries of trials in their papers (such as, where applicable.

Editorials are always commissioned by the Editors and comment on one or more articles in the same issue of the Journal. Editorials should not exceed 1500 words and may include up to 15 references. Editorials have a maximum of 3 authors and no abstract.

Case reports
The text of a case report should include an abstract, introduction, case report/case history, discussion, tables and figures (2 in total), and references. The main text may be up to2000 words; the abstract should not exceed 150 words and may be unstructured. Please provide a minimum of 3 keywords and a list of not more than 30 references.

Clinical images
A clinical image should contain one or two pictures and a short case history, and should preferably not be referenced. The legend to the image should succinctly present relevant clinical information, including a short description of the patient’s history, relevant physical and laboratory findings, clinical course, response to treatment (if any), and condition at last follow-up. Please provide a minimum of 3 keywords. The text should not exceed 500 words.

Book reviews A book review should not exceed 300 words. Please mention in the header: title, author, edition and year. Scan the cover in high resolution (300 dpi/1 mb) and send with the text. With an online review, the cover can usually be downloaded. Details with the cover: title, author, edition, year, publisher, number of pages, price and ISBN number. Conclude with the name and affiliation(s) of the reviewer.

Letters to the editor
Letters to the editor provide an opportunity to present results of scientific value where a short format is most appropriate. They should not exceed 1000 words, 5 references and 1 figure or table.

Correspondence provides an opportunity to debate published articles. This should not exceed 500 words, 5 references and 1 figure or table. Correspondence is sent to the authors for rebuttal, and a final decision on publication is made at the end of this process, by the editor

General information
Each manuscript should be accompanied by a cover letter stating the following: the complete postal address, email address, telephone number and fax number of the corresponding author and, if it is a resubmission, the previous Neth J Crit Care number and year. Receipt of the manuscript will be acknowledged in writing within 14 days. The language of the journal is British English. Authors who are unsure of proper English usage should have their manuscript checked by someone proficient in the English language. All text should be double spaced. The manuscript pages, including references and legends, should be sequentially numbered throughout.

Tables are to be numbered independently of the figures with Arabic numbers, with headings and are uploaded in the same document that also contains the text, after the references section.

  • Tables should be laid out in Word, using the table function. Other tables (e.g. in pdf format or PowerPoint) will not be accepted;
  • Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines; • Do not use spaces, tabs or hard returns in tables;
  • Each piece of data must be contained in its own cell;
  • Numbers and percentages are presented in the same cell;
  • Tables should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order;
  • For each table, please supply a table title explaining the components of the table;
  • Tables should not exceed the printed area of the page (174 x 234 mm).

Figures should also be numbered with Arabic numbers and are uploaded in separate documents. Legends should be given in the document that contains the text, references, and tables. Authors wishing to include figures or tables that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner and provide evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their paper. Colour figures can be published. Short, clear legends make additional description in the text unnecessary. Figures should be provided in electronic format (TIFF or JPEG).

Conflict of interest
Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with an organisation that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section (Disclosure) before the reference list. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Download the author agreement form.

Neth J Crit Care uses the Vancouver style of referencing. Only articles cited in the text are to be listed. They should be arranged in order of appearance in the text and numbered consecutively. Only the reference number should appear in the text between brackets. […] Include all author names (unless there are more than six, in which case abbreviate to three and add ‘et al.’), and page numbers. Use the Medline abbreviation for names of journals. Article in journals: Calandra T, Cometta A. Antibiotic therapy for Gramnegative bacteremia. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1991;5:817-34. Books (sections): Thijs LG. Fluid therapy in septic shock. In: Sibbald WJ, Vincent JL (eds). Clinical trials for the treatment of sepsis. (Update in intensive care and emergency medicine, volume 19). Berlin Heidelberg New York, Springer, 1995, pp 167-90. Conference meetings: Rijneveld AW, Lauw FN, te Velde AA, et al. The role of interferongamma in murine pneumococcal pneumonia. 38th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC). San Diego, Ca., 1998, pp 290.

Copyright ownership is to be transferred in a written statement, which must accompany all manuscript submissions and must be signed by all authors. The agreement should state: ‘The undersigned authors transfer all copyright ownership of the manuscript (title of article) to the Netherlands Journal of Critical Care’. Authors must disclose any potential financial or ethical conflicts of interest regarding the contents of the submission. Any relevant papers that may be considered as duplicating in part the current submission should be reported.

How to submit
Submit manuscript directly to the Editorial office by email:

Peer review
All papers are subject to a peer-review system handled by the editors. Authors are encouraged to resubmit, when invited, the revised paper within two weeks after the editorial decision. The changes made in the revised paper should be highlighted and the manuscript accompanied by a letter with a point-to-point rebuttal.

The corresponding author will receive proofs of accepted papers by email. Corrected proofs should be returned within 48 hours of receipt.

Production process
Decisions of the editors are final. All material accepted for publication is subject to copyediting. The Neth J Crit Care reserves the right to edit for house style, clarity, precision of expression, and grammar. Authors review these changes at the proof stage but must limit their alterations in the proof to correcting errors and to clarifying misleading statements.

General guidelines on house style

  • The title of the manuscript should be in typeface Times New Roman, size 20. With the exception of the first word and proper nouns, initial capitals are not used in the title.
  • The names of departments should be in typeface Times New Roman, size 12.
  • The names of hospitals should be written in English.
  • Write ‘the Netherlands’, without capitalising the t.
  • Generally, abbreviations should not be used in the title (see Table of standard abbreviations for exceptions).
  • The corresponding author need only provide his/her email address on the title page.
  • Please provide a minimum of three keywords and a running title.
  • The abstract of original and review articles should be written in a structured format.
  • Unstructured abstracts should take the form of a single paragraph.
  • Headings must be in bold. Use no more than two levels of headings.
  • Paragraphs starting immediately under headings and subheadings should begin at the left margin. Subsequent paragraphs should be indented.
  • Non-standard abbreviations (see table of standard abbreviations) should always be explained and their use kept to a minimum.
  • Use British English spelling – except in titles of institutions that have chosen to use US spelling, e.g. Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam. Examples: anaemia (instead of anemia), oesophagus (instead of esophagus), litre (instead of liter), colour (instead of color), labelling (instead of labeling), practice (noun), and practise (verb). This should be used consistently. Use the s-form spelling, e.g. minimise, randomisation.
  • Do not use full stops in initials, abbreviations and academic titles.
  • References are numbered sequentially in the text and placed in square brackets after the punctuation.[..]
  • Genus names should be written in italics, e.g. Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus.
  • Numbers under 10 are spelled out except for measurements with a unit (10 mmol/l) or age (4 weeks old), or when in a list with other numbers (5 mice, 6 rats, 12 gerbils).
  • When referring to tables or figures in the text, use italics; do not use a capital letter, e.g. see table 2.

Table of commonly used abbreviations

AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome   
ALI acute lung injury   
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome  
APACHE acute physiology and chronic health evaluation
BIPAP biphasic positive airways pressure  
CCU coronary care unit   
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure  
CT computed tomography    
ECG electrocardiogram     
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation   
EEG electroencephalogram     
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay   
ETCO2 end-tidal carbon dioxide   
HDU high dependency unit   
HIV human immunodeficiency virus   
IC intensive care    
ICU intensive care unit   
IM intramuscular     
INR international normalised ratio   
IPPV intermittent positive pressure ventilation  
IV intravenous     
MAP mean arterial pressure   
MODS multiorgan dysfunction syndrome   
MRI magnetic resonance imaging   
PACU post anaesthesia care unit  
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure  
PET positron emission tomography   
SARS severe adult respiratory syndrome  
SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome  
SOFA sequential organ failure assessment  
SPECT single-photon emission computed tomography  
TIA transient ischaemic attack   
TRALI transfusion-related acute lung injury