Central venous catheters (CVCs) can cause severe complications, such as pneumothorax, bleeding or infection, and leakage of chyle. Checking the position by chest X-ray or ultrasound does not exclude the development of post-procedural complications. Leakage of chyle due to injuries to the thoracic duct during insertion of the CVC in the left subclavian or jugular vein can cause bilateral pleural effusion, resulting in severe respiratory distress. The need for placement of a CVC should be considered carefully because of the possible occurrence of potential lethal complications.
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