Volume 15
Number 2
Jun 2011
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Case Reports
L Ruijs, CWM Verlaat, VJM Leferink

A pneumomediastinum is a condition in which air is present in the mediastinum. It can result from a pulmonary barotrauma which occurs during sCUBA (self contained underwater breathing apparatus) diving. We report on a fifteen-year-old patient who suffered from a pulmonary barotrauma including a pneumomediastinum after sCUBA diving. The patient was admitted to the PICU (Paediatric Intensive Care Unit) and treated conservatively. subsequently the patient developed neurological deficits resulting from an arterial gas embolism (AGE). This case report discusses some of the principles of the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of diving emergencies.

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